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Medical Services

Causes and Complications

Dec 1, 2016Posted by nameless

Vitiligo occurs when melanin-forming cells (melanocytes) die or stop producing melanin — the pigment that gives your skin, hair and eyes color. The involved patches of skin become lighter or white. Doctors don't know why the cells fail or die. It may be related to:

A disorder in which your immune system attacks and destroys the melanocytes in the skin

Family history (heredity)

A trigger event, such as sunburn, stress or exposure to industrial chemicals

People with vitiligo may be at increased risk of:

Social or psychological distress

Sunburn and skin cancer

Eye problems, such as inflammation of the iris (iritis)

Hearing loss

Side effects due to treatment, such as dry skin and itching.