Breast hyperplasia and Breast cyst
Hyperplasia is an overgrowth of the cells that line the ducts or the lobules of your breast. Based on the pattern of the cells, hyperplasia may be called usual or atypical.
Hyperplasia is usually diagnosed with a core needle biopsy or surgical biopsy. These different types affect breast cancer risk differently:
Mild hyperplasia of the usual type: This does not increase the risk for breast cancer
Moderate or florid hyperplasia of the usual type, also known as usual hyperplasia: The risk of breast cancer is about 1? to 2 times that of a woman with no breast abnormalities.
Atypical hyperplasia (either atypical ductal hyperplasia [ADH] or atypical lobular hyperplasia [ALH]): The risk of breast cancer is about 3? to 5 times higher than that of a woman with no breast abnormalities.
A diagnosis of hyperplasia, especially atypical hyperplasia, usually means you will need to see your doctor more often.
If you have atypical hyperplasia, you may be worried or anxious that your risk of breast cancer is slightly increased. However, this doesn’t mean you’ll necessarily develop breast cancer in the future. It’s important to go to your regular follow-up appointments and continue to be breast aware and go back to your doctor if you notice any changes.
Breast cyst is a fluid-filled sac within the breast. Single breast can have one or more breast cysts. It is often found to be round or oval lumps with distinct edges. It can be painful and may be worrisome but are generally benign. They are most common in pre-menopausal women in their 30s or 40s. Treating breast cysts is usually not necessary unless they are painful or cause discomfort.
Signs and symptoms of breast cysts include:
A smooth, easily movable round or oval breast lump with distinct edges
Usually found in one breast, but can affect both breasts at the same time
Breast pain or tenderness in the area of the breast lump
Increase in breast lump size and breast tenderness just before your period
Decrease in breast lump size and resolution of other signs and symptoms after your period
Having one or many simple breast cysts doesn't increase your risk of breast cancer
Breast cysts don't require treatment unless a cyst is large and painful or otherwise uncomfortable. In that case, draining the fluid from a breast cyst can ease your symptoms.
Typical treatment involves a Needle aspiration biopsy . Aspirated cysts often recur (come back); definitive treatment may require surgery.