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Gynecological oncology

Dec 1, 2016Posted by nameless

Gynecological oncologyMyoma of Uterus / Uterine Myoma

Renai hospital’s gynecological department, in addition to offering Uterine Myoma observation, performs Uterine Myoma removal via a minimally invasive surgery.

What is a Uterine Myoma?

A uterine myoma is a kind of  mesenchymal (smooth muscle) tumor in the wall of the uterus. The Myomas vary in size and number, are most often slow growing and usually cause no symptoms.

Those Mymoas that don’t produce symptoms do not need to be treated but do need to be checked on a regular basis.

The Myomas that do cause symptoms (approximately 25% of all myomas) require medical intervention.

Uterine Myoma symptoms include:

Heavy bleeding

Dizziness

Anemia

Pelvic pain and pressure

Weight gain or an abnormally enlarged abdomen

Pressure on the bladder or bowel

Pain in the back of the legs

Pain during sexual intercourse

If you have any of the above symptoms please schedule an appointment!!!

Who is at risk and what are the causes of uterine myomas?

The causes of Uterine Myomas are not fully understood, some research suggests that uterine myomas are less common in women who have had at least two children. Some doctors suggest that genes are also important factors.

Renai Hospital’s gynecological department offers a minimally invasive surgical removal for uterine myomas.

The surgery is done with an endoscope that can easily reach different angles and directions in the uterus. With this kind of surgery, the recovery time is much shorter than that of open surgery.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are small fluid filled sacs that develop on a woman’s ovaries. . The most common type of ovarian cyst is a functional cyst.

Most ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms, are not cancerous, and go away on their own.However, if you have the following symptoms, please schedule an appointment with one of our gynecologists:

Pressure, swelling, or pain in the abdomen

Pelvic pain

Dull ache in the lower back and thighs

Problems passing urine completely

Pain during sex

Weight gain

Pain during your period

Abnormal bleeding

Nausea or vomiting

Breast tenderness

If you have these symptoms, get help right away:

Pain with fever and vomiting

Sudden, severe abdominal pain

Faintness, dizziness, or weakness

Rapid breathing

Who is at risk and what are the causes of ovarian cysts?

The following are risk factors for developing ovarian cysts:

History of previous ovarian cysts

Irregular menstrual cycles

Increased upper body fat distribution

Early menstruation (11 years or younger)

Infertility

Infertility treatment with gonadotropin medications

Hypothyroidism

Tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer

Cigarette smoking also increases the risk of functional ovarian cysts.

Birth control pill use decreases the risk of developing ovarian cysts because they prevent the ovaries from producing eggs during ovulation.

Renai hospital’s gynecological department offers treatment for Ovarian Cysts

If you have a cyst, you may need to wait and have a second exam in 1 to 3 months. When you return for the check up, the doctor will check see if the cyst has changed in size. check to see if the cyst has changed in size. This is a common treatment option for women who:

Are in their childbearing years

Have no symptoms

Have a fluid-filled cyst

It may be an option for postmenopausal women.

Surgery- the gynecologist may recommend removing the cyst if you are post menopausal or if it:

Doesn't go away after several menstrual cycles

Gets larger

Looks odd on the ultrasound

Causes pain

The two main surgeries are:

Laparoscopy

Laparotomy

If you keep forming functional cysts, your doctor may prescribe birth control pills to stop you from ovulating.