Femoral Head Necrosis
Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is an increasingly common cause of musculoskeletal disability, and it poses a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Although patients are initially asymptomatic, avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head usually progresses to joint destruction, requiring total hip replacement (THR), usually before the fifth decade (see the images below). In fact, 50% of patients with avascular necrosis experience severe joint destruction as a result of deterioration and undergo a major surgical procedure for treatment within 3 years of diagnosis. Femoral head collapse usually occurs within 2 years after development of hip pain.